Muscles and Bones – Image Making

Bones in the Head:

Cranial bones (8):
frontal, parietal (2), temporal (2), occipital, sphenoid. ethmoid

Facial bones (14):
mandible, maxilla (2), palatine (2), zygomatic (2), nasal (2), lacrimal (2), vomer, inferior nasal conchae (2)

Ear bones (6):
malleus (2), incus (2), stapes (2)

Throat bones (1):

Bones below the head:

Shoulder bones(4):
shoulder blade (2), collarbone (2) (also called the clavicle)

Thorax bones (25):
sternum (1), ribs (2 x 12)

Vertebral column bones (24)
cervical vertebrae (7), thoracic vertebrae (12), lumbar vertebrae (5)

Bones in the Arms:

Upper Arm bones (2):
humerus (2)

Forearm bones (4):
radius (2), ulna (2)

Hand Bones (54):

Wrist bones:
scaphoid (2), lunate (2), triquetral (2), pisiform (2), trapezium (2), trapezoid (2), capitate bone (2), hamate (2)

Palm bones:
metacarpals (5 × 2)

Finger bones:
proximal phalanges (5 × 2), intermediate phalanges (4 × 2), distal phalanges (5 × 2)

Pelvis bones (4):
sacrum, coccyx, hip bone (2)

Leg bones (6):

femur or thigh bone (2), patella (2), tibia (2), fibula (2)

Feet bones (52):

Ankle bones:
calcaneus (heel bone) (2), talus (2), navicular (2), medial cuneiform (2), intermediate cuneiform (2), lateral cuneiform (2), cuboid (2), metatarsal bone (5 × 2)

Toe bones:
proximal phalanges (5 × 2), intermediate phalanges (4 × 2), distal phalanges (5 × 2)

Types of Muscles
Skeletal Muscles – These are the muscles we use to move around. They cover our skeleton and move our bones. Sometimes they are called striped muscles because they come in long dark and light bands of fibers and look striped. These muscles are voluntary because we control them directly with signals from our brains.

Smooth Muscles – Smooth muscles are special muscles that don’t connect to bones, but control organs within our body. These muscles work without us having to think about them.

Cardiac Muscle – This is a special muscle that pumps our heart and blood through our body.
human muscles

Tendons connect muscles to bones. Tendons help form a connection between soft contracting muscle cells to hard bone cells.

Muscle Memory

When we practice an action over and over again, we get what is called muscle memory. It allows us to become more skilled at certain activities such as sports and music. As we practice, our muscles tune themselves to become more precise in their motions and to do exactly what our brain wants them to do. So remember, practice makes perfect!

Muscles and Exercise

When we exercise we work our muscles allowing them to become bigger and stronger. Exercise helps keep your muscles strong and flexible. If you don’t use your muscles they can atrophy, or shrink and become weak. Unknown



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